Long-termtoto Portugal which will later help obtain a residence permit is necessary forlegal иммиграции. The authorization document is issued to people whose purpose of travel meets the requirements put forward by Portuguese law. All the details are disclosed in the article.
Who needs a visa to Portugal to travel
You will need a visa and related documents to enter Portugal legally:
- passport, valid for at least six months;
- bank account with enough money for the duration of the stay
- return ticket.
In two cases, you will not need a visa for Portugal. First, if you are a citizen of the European Union. Second, if your country has an international agreement with Portugal. This document allows you to visit Portugal for up to 90 days within a six-month period.
If your country is not on this small list, or if you plan to stay in Portugal for longer than 3 months, then you need a visa.
The course of action for those who want to immigrate to Portugal:
- download the long-stay visa application form from the website of the Portuguese Embassy in your country;
- Fill out the form with the package of documents sent to the Embassy and wait for a positive response
After your arrival in Portugal, apply for a residence permit.
This plan can be used by those planning to work as well as students. Portugal’s immigration services also look favorably on those who do not plan to work, but bring enough capital with them.
What requirements must be met
Everyone can get a visa if they meet the requirements set by Portuguese law. Bear in mind that the requirements are different for each visa type.
There are five types of visas in Portugal. Two of them (C and D) are stipulated by Portuguese legislation and are long-term visas, the other three belong to the Schengen group and are short-term.
Schengen short-term visa
The first type is a tourist permit. Allows stay in Portugal for no more than 90 days within six months (multiple entries allowed). It is issued without an invitation and requires a minimum package of documents. This visa allows vacationing and shopping in Portugal.
The second type is a visitor’s visa. A person can visit a relative or acquaintance, a Portuguese citizen. Requires an invitation from the host party.
The third type is a business visa.
The third type is a business visa, which is issued for a 90-day period for the purpose of attending a professional, sporting, educational event.
Schengen visas also have an A, C, LTV classification:
- A is an airport transit visa. Allows crossing borders within the airport to transfer from one flight to another.
- C – visa for border crossing and short stay, multiple entries are allowed. It is issued for transit and short-term stay in the Schengen area. These visas are valid for a total of 90 days within a six-month period. The types of these visas were discussed above.
- LTV – visas with limited territorial validity allow to travel only to one or more Schengen states, which are indicated when applying for a visa.
Long-term Portuguese visas
The document allows you to stay temporarily in Portugal. It is issued for a four-month period with multiple entries. Long-term visa to Portugal is issued on the following grounds:
- treatment in a medical institution;
- companying a family member for treatment;
- traveling workers between countries within the World Trade Organization (WTO) to provide services or training;
- temporary employment and self-employment
- research and higher education teaching
- amateur sports;
- fulfillment of international obligations.
If you are planning to apply for a residence permit after arriving in Portugal, then you must obtain a residence visa. It is issued under the following conditions:
- self-employment or entrepreneurial activity
- research and teaching
- studies, student exchanges, internships, or volunteer service;
- programs for higher education (for students already living in Portugal who want to continue their studies;
- family reunification
- Pensioners and people with income.
How to apply for a visa
Depending on the type of visa, you need to fill out the application form that is available on the website of the Portuguese Consulate in your country or the Portuguese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The completed form is sent to the Portuguese Embassy or Consulate in your country.
The nearest embassy can be found on the MFA website and on this interactive map.
In addition to the visa application form, you need to prepare the following documents:
- two photos 3*4;
- copies of previous visas;
- copy of return ticket;
- Travel insurance that covers the Schengen area;
- accompanying letter indicating the purpose of visit and itinerary;
- flight date and time;
- where you will stay for the duration of the stay (for example a hotel reservation);
- Confirmation of the availability
- confirmation of sufficient means of subsistence for the period of stay
- confirmation of civil status (married, have children)
- confirmation of economic status (employed, self-employed, student, pensioner)
If you are planning to obtain a residency permit, take care beforehand about finding a job or, if you are a student, enrolling in college. You have a better chance of getting permanent residency if you have at least B2 Portuguese and can take an international language test.
The collected package of documents will be enough to obtain a visa. In most cases it takes two weeks to three months to process the application, so apply early.
Please remember that there are special companies that will take care of the paperwork, insurance and dialogue with the embassy. This option is more expensive, but the probability of getting the “green light” is higher.